1st Committee of the General Assembly
Since the creation of the United Nations in 1945, global security has been one of its principal goals. In order to facilitate this, the UN Charter called for the formation of the First Committee of the General Assembly, which deals with the issue of Disarmament and International Security (DISEC). This seemingly broad mandate has actually allowed the committee to deal with many of the various issues, which constantly threaten the international peace and disarmament efforts.
The First Committee of the General Assembly has jurisdiction over a broad range of topics such as nuclear disarmament, nuclear free-zones, weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, conventional weapons, regional disarmament and development and illicit trafficking of weapons.
Although the General Assembly lacks the enforcement power that the Security Council wields, its moral and symbolic influence is considerable, since its pronouncements represent the majority of the world’s opinion. It is also noted that in certain emergency cases in which the lack of unanimity among the permanent members is impeding the Security Council’s ability to respond, the First Committee of the General Assembly is called in.
Because of its membership, which geographically encompasses nearly all of the international community, the committee generally looks at problems of a more global nature, rather than focusing on specific regions, which can be better addressed by specific summits and subsidiary bodies.
This is a huge advantage the committee possesses because for complex and multi-faceted issues, solutions simply cannot come from the Security Council that exclusively deals with one section of the world.
While thinking about the committee and the work you hope to accomplish in it, keep in mind one final point. All issues regarding security and disarmament are of great national concern to all nations.
As delegates in this MUN simulation of DISEC, you will also attempt to follow the great traditions and relive the sixty years of debate, diplomacy and discussion!
Good luck to all!